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                          The Annotated Sandman

               Edited by Ralf Hildebrandt and largely written by Greg Morrow

                           Issue 20:  "Facade"
            Neil Gaiman, Colleen Doran, and Malcolm Jones III

               Fourth story in anthology _Dream Country_
        Fourth story reprinted in trade paperback _Dream Country_

Page 1:  The central character of the story is Urania "Rainie" Blackwell, who
first appeared in _Metamorpho_ #10 (1967).  She was an agent with an unnamed US
intelligence service who volunteered to expose herself to the radiations of the
meteor that formed part of the "Orb of Ra".  These radiations had earlier
transformed Rex Mason into the superhero Metamorpho.  Subsequently, Blackwell
took the sobriquet "Element Girl".  Both Metamorpho and Element Girl had the
ability to transform their bodies into any chemical element or compound found
in the human body, and to transform into any shape.  As a side effect of their
powers, their bodies became non-human in color and composition.
	Element Girl had a short career as a superhero, acting as sidekick to
Metamorpho, retiring (I believe) with the first cancellation of Metamorpho's
book.  Metamorpho lurked around the background of the DC universe for years,
eventually joining the Outsiders, then the Justice League.
	Her charicterization here as a terrified isolated agoraphobe is new.

Page 2 panel 1:  Mulligan is a new character of little importance beyond this
story.
	Panel 8:  "Company" is a slang term for the Central Intelligence Agency,
the chief United States intelligence service.  It has been somewhat generalized
in fiction to mean any intelligency agency, since authors usually refrain from
mentioning the CIA directly.

Page 4 panel 3:  "Put on a brave face."  Also notice all the "masks" in
Rainie's apartment.  Faces and facades are obviously the theme of the issue.

Page 5 panel 2:  Della would also appear to be a new character.
	Panel 3:  Triangle may, however, date from the old _Metamorpho_ series.
	Panel 5:  Leonardo Da Vinci was, of course, a famous Italian
Renaissance artist and designer.

Page 6 panel 4-5:  This is what we have seen before of Rainie's origin.
	Panel 6:  Ra is an old Egyptian god of the sun, sometimes identified
with Amon; he was later replaced as supreme deity by Osiris.  He is typically
represented as a hawk-headed man.

Page 7 panel 1:  Apep the serpent is another figure from Egyptian mythology,
typically represented as an enemy of Ra.

Page 15:  This, of course, is good ol' Death, Dream's older sister.  Recall
that her symbol, the Ankh, is specifically an _Egyptian_ symbol of life.

Page 18 panel 8:  This is the theme song from the television series M*A*S*H.
The words were never sung on the television show, although they were in the
original movie.  The panel pictures a shattered facade; we may note that
"Shattered Visage" was the name of the graphic novel published by DC that was a
sequel to the television series _The Prisoner_.

Page 19 panel 2:  Metamorphae:  Those who are beyond shape.  Morphogenic:
Shape creating.  Metaplasm:  That which is beyond being formed.  Note that the
-morph- morpheme comes from Morpheus ("Shaper"), an appellation for Dream.
	Panel 2-3:  Presumably this refers back to an event in _Metamorpho_.

Page 20 panel 3:  About or before this time, Death appeared in an unauthorized-
by-Gaiman crossover with Captain Atom.  In that story, this version of Death
was described as the incarnation of "death as compassionate release", while
other incarnations of death (such as the Black Racer and Nekron) were described
in other ways.  As Death said there, "It's a big concept, there's room for more
than one of us."  This paragraph may refer back to that appearance; Gaiman was
reportedly incensed at the use of the character.

Page 21 panel 5:  Note the title of the anthology.
	Panel 7:  Note the gender of Apep.

Page 23 panel 3:  This issue is all about facades, false faces.  Note that
Rainie has to look behind the facade of the sun to the face of Ra.
We may note that Rainie's apartment throughout this issue has been grey,
box-like, oppressive, in start contrast to Rainie's physical colorfulness.
However, once she escapes her apartment, her colors complement and blend with
the outside world; her own personality perks up a bit, too.

Page 24, panel 4-6: "Be seeing you..." is a line often used in the television
series _The Prisoner_.  The "interrogation" of Death across the phone is
vaguely reminiscent of the series.  _The Prisoner_ also featured a nameless
intelligence agency.

Contributors include:
	Jim W Lai  added _Prisoner_ notes and color
symbolism.

© by Ralf Hildebrandt
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This file was last modified 27. Jan 2007 by root