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			 The Books of Magic
                      Book II: The Shadow World
                  By Neil Gaiman and Scott Hampton
                  Not yet reprinted in any other form
                    Annotations by David Goldfarb

p.2 	panel 1: Boston Brand starred in some recent miniseries under the
superhero name "Deadman". He was a circus aerialist, murdered during his
act. The goddess Rama Kushna kept him from the afterlife so that he could
find his murderer. Although normally invisible and intangible, he can
influence the normal world by possessing people and acting through their
bodies. This is what he's doing here. He first appeared in _Strange 
Adventures_ #205. He was created by Arnold Drake and Carmine Infantino.
	panel 4: The Cold Flame was mentioned in book I. The Cult of the
Blood Red Moon has been mentioned in _The Spectre_ and the "I...Vampire"
backup series in _House of Mystery_. _Legion of Super-Heroes_ has
featured an interstellar cult called the Dark Circle. The Legion's
"Dark Circle" has been shown as existing in the twentieth century, but
it is not clear whether the group Deadman refers to is related to it.
	panel 5.
Deadman says, Mine were: Gee, from up here it almost looks like that guy
with the hooks holding a rifle...  This refers to the way that he died.
A student from the Society of Assassins needed a splashy first kill.
Boston Brand was shot as he performed some of his stunts on the flying
trapeze.  The Societys sensei later kidnapped BBs twin brother but was
roundly defeated in mystic battle by the Phantom Stranger.  Deadman
arrived too late.
	panel 6: It would seem that Constantine was not successful in
chatting up that stewardess. 

p.3	panel 3:    _Supercar_ was a sci-fi television series made in
Great Britain in the 60's or so.  Puppets were used rather than actors
or animation; the puppetry was done by the relatively famous pair of
Sylvia and Gerry Anderson, who went on to do the _Thunderbirds_ television
show, also with puppets.  Supercar was a car that could fly and travel 
underwater as well as do about 300 MPH on a straightaway.

p.4 	panel 2: Mu and Lemuria are lost continents supposedly located
in the Pacific. Cheap knockoffs of Atlantis, if you ask me. 

	panel 5: Madame Xanadu first appeared in a _Madame Xanadu Special_.
Then she appeared regularly as the main character in a horror anthology
series called _Doorway to Nightmare_. She was created by Steve Englehart
and Marshall Rogers. She was later recycled in _The Spectre_, which at 
the time book II came out was an ongoing series.
	"Cartomancer", of course, means "one who foretells the future
using cards".

p.5	panel 1: The diagram on the right appears Kabalistic. Compare the
diagram from book I, p.35. I can't make anything out of the one on the left.
	panel 3: Any reference on the Wind's Egg? I suspect Gaiman just
made it up.

p.7 	The four cards, of course, apply to the four books of the miniseries,
and to the four members of the Trenchcoat Brigade as they guide Timothy.
It is uncertain whether the images on them come from some pre-existing deck
or whether they were created by Scott Hampton.
	panel 4: The card is inverted, which tends to reverse the meaning.
_A Complete Guide to the Tarot_, by Eden Gray, includes in the meanings for
"Justice" reversed, "a plea against undue severity in judging others."
Note that the card is numbered XI; in Aleister Crowley's Thoth tarot deck,
"Justice" is Key VIII -- Key XI is "Lust". (However, in other decks "Justice"
is in fact Key XI.)

Darryl Greensill  says: The meanings you give for 
Justice/R and Lust are both quite appropriate to Mister E, as are the 
figure's bleeding eyes.

p.10	panel 2: Jim Corrigan and the Spectre were created by Jerry Siegel
and first appeared in _More Fun Comics_ #52 (1940).

p.12	panel 4: In the early '70s, _Adventure Comics_ had a run of stories
in which the Spectre was constantly turning murderers into wooden statues
and the like. This sequence may be a reference to those stories, since 
the Spectre didn't do much of that in his series in the '80s.

p.13	panel 3: In _Swamp Thing_ Annual #2(?) the Spectre was portrayed
as the guardian of the borderlands between Heaven and Hell, and referred
to as "one who cannot be fought".

p.14	panel 1: Note the newspaper headline. Presumably the various 
cults are killing teenagers who simply look a bit like Tim, in the hope
of getting him through sheer volume.

p.15 	panel 2: At this writing, Dr. Fate was the union of two people,
Eric and Linda Strauss. They controlled themselves, rather than being
possessed by Nabu. The comment about Kent Nelson being part of them is
mysterious, since in the _Dr. Fate_ series at the time Kent Nelson was
dead, his body inhabited by Nabu's spirit. (Kent and his wife Inza were
brought back later.)

p.16	panel 3: The concept of "Lords of Order" and "Lords of Chaos" was
extensively used by fantasy writer Michael Moorcock.
Darryl Greensill  says: Dr Fate's quote "Life 
is something that occurs ..." is almost a direct quote from the 
mathematical book "Complexity".

This scene is later replayed in Books of Magic (regular series) No. 6.

p.18	panel 3: The "synchronicity freeway" concept hasn't really been 
explored, either before or since. Perhaps Constantine is exploiting Tim's
latent powers somehow.
pp.20-21  John and Tim are now in Georgetown. As netters have pointed
out, the derelict acts as he does because of Deadman's influence.

p.22	panel 3: Baron Winter was created by Marv Wolfman and Gene Colan,
and first appeared in _Night Force_ #1. 
	panel 6: The leopard is named Merlin.

p.23	panel 2: It's interesting that Tim could enter the mansion. 
Supposedly no one could enter without Baron Winter's permission. Constantine
waits for Baron Winter to gesture him in.
	panel 6: As revealed in the _Hellblazer_ series, there has been
a long lineage of Constantines through the ages. Jason Blood, as Etrigan's
host, is immortal but suffers from lapses of memory and identity.

p.24	panel 1: This may be a reference to a Batman story which featured
a werewolf called Anthony Lupus. That story had a sequel set in Alaska;
in _Sandman_ #3 Constantine refers to "being called to Alaska for six
months over the Lupus affair." 

p.30	panel 4: Dr. Terry Thirteen first appeared in _Star-Spangled Comics_

p.32	panel 3: Constantine was one of the prime movers in the "American
Gothic" storyline in _Swamp Thing_.

p.33	panel 5: Report is that Gaiman originally wanted Constantine simply
to say, "Shit. Shit. Shit. Shit. Shit.", but Karen Berger vetoed the dialogue.
So he included "felching heck" just to see if it would get past her. 
"Felching" is the act of sucking semen out of the rectum after anal sex.

p.36	panel 1: The building is the Palace of Fine Arts, in northwest
San Francisco. Perhaps Zatanna took Tim to the Exploratorium (a science
museum located there).
	panel 8: Deadman refers to Rama Kushna when he calls God "she".

p.39 	panel 1: Halloween in San Francisco gets *very* wild.
	panel 5: Tala first appeared in _Phantom Stranger_ #4.

p.40 	panel 1: Tannarak's first appearance was _Phantom Stranger_ #10.

p.41	panel 1: Felix Faust battled the Justice League of America several
times. His first appearance was _Justice League of America_ #10 (1962), and 
he was created by Gardner Fox and Mike Sekowsky. The Wizard battled the
Justice Society, and he was a leader in the '70s of "The Secret Society of
Super-Villains". His first appearance was _All-Star Comics_ #34.
	It seems somehow typical of Gaiman that the two most "super-
villain"ish of the characters that appear are also the ones that are
the hardest to take seriously.
	panel 7: I don't recognize this character.

p.43	panels 2,3,4: Any previous reference on these characters?

p.45 	panel 8: Judging by the previous course of the running gag, 
Constantine probably got his face slapped on the flight back to 
San Francisco.

Chris Jarocha-Ernst (cje@gandalf.rutgers.edu), quoting Mark Balbes, gave
Dr. Thirteen's first appearance.
Edward Liu (el24+@andrew.cmu.edu) provided information on Supercar and 
commented on the Tarot reading.
Lance Smith (lsmith@cs.umn.edu) gave more details on Baron Winter, and
creator credit for the Spectre, as well as first appearances of Tannarak,
Tala, Felix Faust, and Deadman.
Ahbijit Khale (akhale@pollux.usc.edu) gave creator credit for the Spectre,
and supplied details on Madame Xanadu's career.
Garrie Burr (X82217GB@wuvmd.wustl.edu) gave creator credit for Deadman, 
Madame Xanadu, and Felix Faust.
Bill Morrell (bmorrell@mik.uky.edu) gave information on the Blood Red Moon.
Michael Bowman (bvmi@odin.cc.pdx.edu) provided a first appearance for the

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This file was last modified 17. Jan 2007 by root