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                         The Annotated Sandman

               Edited by Ralf Hildebrandt and largely written by Greg Morrow

                Issue 35:  "Beginning to See the Light"
                     Neil Gaiman and Shawn McManus

               Fourth part of storyline _A Game of You_
                  Not yet reprinted in any other form

Title:  _A Game of You_ clearly refers to the question of identity.  Who and
what the characters in this story are is a question either to the readers or to
the character him, her, or itself, and that is the most important theme the
reader should keep in mind when reading this story.
	This issue has a number of parallels with #32, suggesting an overall
structure for the storyline, similar to what was done with _The Doll's House_.
	The title of this chapter is taken from the Velvet Underground song
of the same name, from their third self-titled album.  Two lines from this
song are evocative of this series, and may have been in the back of Neil's
mind when he created the Cuckoo:

	"Met myself in a dream.
	 Let me tell you it was all right"

Page 1 panel 2-3:  The Land is full of fantastic elements, such as the Trees
and the Tweeners, which verge on being archetypes of the genre; that is
their point.  The Land takes much of its form from principles abstracted
from Barbie's earliest books, as seen later.  The Trees may be a direct
reference to J.R.R. Tolkien's Ents, from _The Lord of the Rings_.
	Panel 3:  Pretty party dress:  In fact, this is the same dress Barbie
was wearing when we saw her in the Land in _The Doll's House_.

Page 2 panel 1:  Wilkinson is singing an old folk song.  Tipperary is a
location in Ireland.

Page 3 panel 3:  Barbie's remarks about the Hieromancer are a clue to the
nature of the Land's inhabitants.

Page 4 panel 1:  This was foreshadowed in _Sandman_ #32 page 1.

Page 5 panel 1:  The dinosaur-like beings carrying the house may be a
visual quotation from a short animated film of recent vintage.
	Panel 2:  Because the Tantoblin made breakfast, I suspect that his name
comes from the pastry and not the scatological sense of the word.
	Panel 3:  The name "Room Patrol" is reminiscent of DC's comic book
_Doom Patrol_, another title from the "Mature Readers" line
with a British author and a similar editorial feel to _Sandman_.
	Panel 6:  Wilkinson's speech here is quite reminiscent of John
Constantine; Wilkinson is probably meant to be an analog to Constantine, given
the similarity in costume and language.  I have not identified "Swamp Thing"
or "Shade" analogs in the Land; that would complete the DC Mature Readers
homages in _A Game of You_.

Page 6 panel 5:  Barbie's face painting was prominently seen in _Sandman_ #32.
Her remark about not wanting anything permanent should not be overlooked.

Page 7:  The text of the scroll is presumably taken from a specific reference
work on birds which I have not identified.
	Panel 3:  These are evidently the Black Guard alluded to before.
	Panel 5:  There is irony here.

Page 9 panel 1-4:  This will be explained more fully later.

Page 11 panel 2:  No refs for Gniedrig.  Probably a German or Polish myth.
	Panel 7:  The Land has the surface appearance of a children's fantasy
land, like Oz or (particularly) Narnia.  Wilkinson's remark about "necessaries"
points out, even more than the Tantoblin's grisly form, the entirely different
style of the Land now that Barbie is full grown.

Page 12 panel 3:  This hearkens back to page 9.

Page 13 panel 2:  Note the clawed hand.  Possibly a Tweener?
	Panel 5:  Nobbled:  From context, "torn to little bloody gobbets."
Origin unknown.

Page 14 panel 3:  Barbie refers to J.R.R. Tolkien's _The Hobbit_, a highly
regarded novel.  It is that most rare of beasts, a bridge between juvenile and
adult fantasy, done with extraordinary skill and mythic sense, style, and
scope.

Page 18 panel 2:  "Follow the yellow brick road" were the instructions given to
Dorothy in _The Wizard of Oz_, the first in a long and excellent series of
juvenile fantasy novels (and later made into a execrable movie that
inexplicably became a "classic").  References to the tale have shown up
many times in _Sandman_, notably in Hal's dream in _The Doll's House_.
	Dorothy, like Barbie, had three traveling companions, and traversed
a forest of dark and malicious demeanor.

Page 19:  George attempts to play Wanda in the Game of You, but Wanda refuses.
	Panel 8:  The consequences of bringing the moon closer to the Earth are
pretty severe.  Tides would be higher; weather probably wilder.  Earthquakes
would also be more common.

Page 21 panel 6: 'Nana:  probably banana.

Page 24 panel 3:  This is a big clue to the nature of the inhabitants of the
Land (but somewhat misleading about the nature of the Cuckoo).

Release history:
Version 1.01 released 11 Oct 92
Version 2.0 released and archived 9 Jan 93

Contributors include:
	John Ptacek (ptacek@nucst13.neep.wisc.edu) identified the common
thread in _Game of You_'s chapter titles, and identified this issue's title
in particular.
	"Boffo" Bill Sherman (sherman@math.ucla.edu) speculated on the
antecedents of cartoon dinosaurs, and noted certain parallels with _The
Wizard of Oz_.
	Mike "Killans" Collins (mcollins@nyx.cs.du.edu) recalled Tolkien's
Ents, and pointed out my omission of Shade.
	Mike Kelly (mkelly@ovid.helios.nd.edu) and Glenn Carnagey
(lf7z@ellis.uchicago.edu) have theories about the antecedents of Gniedrigs
and Tantoblins (Dringenberg and Totleben; Gnome + Niedrig and Tanto +
Goblin, meaning "lowly gnome" and "too much goblin"), neither of which
I agree with.
	Glenn also thinks the parallels between Tolkien and the Land are
extreme and deliberate.  I submit that this is because the Land is built on
the same principles that Tolkien used in his work.  In other words, they're
similar because they're similar to the same thing, not because they're
similar to each other.

© by Ralf Hildebrandt
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This file was last modified 27. Jan 2007 by root