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                            The Annotated Sandman

        Edited by Ralf Hildebrandt and largely written by David Goldfarb

                            Issue 55: "Cerements"	

                    Fifth story in anthology, "Worlds' End"

  Neil Gaiman, Shea Anton Pensa, Vince Locke, Bryan Talbot, Mark Buckingham

Page 1 panel 6: Brant is counting to try to determine how far away the 
lightning struck. The rule of thumb is one mile for each five seconds
elapsed between the flash and the thunderclap.

Page 2 panel 8: "Petrefax" is Latin-derived, and means either "one who turns 
things to stone" or else "thing made of stone". "Kyrielle" is from the Greek 
"Kyrie", "Lord". "Eucrasia" is an obsolete medical term for "good health" 
and derives from Greek "eu", "good" and either "krasis", "mixture", or 
"krasi", "temperature".

Page 4: Earth, Fire, Water and Air (or sometimes Wind), were four of the 
Five Elements in medieval times. The *Fifth* Element (which is also 
referenced in the film of the same name), is variously named as Life, 
Quintessence ("fifth essence" in Latin), or The Void (in Miyamoto 
Musashi's Go Rin No Sho, or The Book of Five Rings). Naturally, the 
Necropolitans would also bury their "Clients" in accordance to the Five 
Elements (with Mummification replacing Life/The Void/Quintessence).

page 5 panel 2: "Polycarp": from Greek "poly", "many", and "karpos", "fruit".

page 7 panel 1: Air burial is practiced in Tibet, just as we see it depicted 
here, including the eating afterwards, although not the storytelling.

page 9 panel 3: Similar to stories of people starting work in ship's engine 
rooms being sent to find a left-handed monkey wrench.
           panel 8: A story within a story within a story...

Page 12 panel 4: Ironic that Scutt's family should have to hang him 
(albeit about the chest) in order to prevent him from being hung (from 
the neck).                                       

page 14 panel 3: All but the very newest readers will recognize this as Dream's
wayward brother, Destruction.

page 15 panel 4: And here, a story within a story within a story within a story.

page 16 panel 1: Looking at the six figures of the Endless in the foreground, 
the missing one seems to be Despair. It was mentioned in issue #48 that Despair 
had died and been replaced.

page 17 panel 2: "Sithcundman" is an old title of rank for a king's companion,
probably Old English.

page 19 panel 2: "Angkou": According to _A Dictionary of Ghost Lore_, by 
Peter Haining, an _ankou_, or "graveyard watcher", is a ghost that guards 
cemeteries, and there are _ankou_ stories from all over Europe. Whenever 
a new graveyard was created centuries ago, it was the custom to bury some 
unfortunate person alive in the first grave. The ghost of this person became 
the _ankou_ -- frightening off anyone or anything, living or dead, that 
would disturb the peace of the graveyard.
             panel 6: It only makes sense for a city populated entirely by 
morticians to put morticians in their fairy tales, I suppose... The runes on 
the cup include "th", "r", "s", and "e" as the first, fourth, fifth, and 
sixth respectively. The third might be a "u". I can't identify the second at 
all.

page 20 panel 1: A recursion: the fourth-level story is identical to the 
top-level framing tale.

page 21 panel 4: Somewhat reminiscent of Exodus 4:6-7, in which Moses' hand is
transformed and then restored as a proof of God's power.

page 23 panel 7: "Bagulkal": no refs.

page 24 panel 7: Several netters had speculated exactly this. Gaiman has stated
that he drew inspiration from old horror anthology movies; the punchline at the
end of the framing story was often that the characters were dead.

Release history:
Version 1.0 released 24 May 94.
Version 2.0 released 18 Jul 94.

Credits:
      Greg "elmo" Morrow (morrow@physics.rice.edu) created the Sandman
Annotations and forwarded much useful information about "Worlds' End". He
also corrected the lightning-distance rule of thumb.
      Col. G. L. Sicherman (gls@hrcms.att.com) commented on the journeymen's 
names and referenced "sithcundman".
      Kenneth Chang (kchang@ncsa.uiuc.edu) referenced Tibetan funeral customs.
      Andrew Solovay (solovay@netcom.com) noted the Biblical story.
      Lance "Squiddie" Smith (lsmith@cs.umn.edu) relayed information 
concerning Amicus horror films.
      Julie LaBomascus referenced "Angkou" via Byron Go (byron@netcom.com).

© by Ralf Hildebrandt
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This file was last modified 27. Jan 2007 by root