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                            The Annotated Sandman

              Edited by Ralf Hildebrandt and largely written by David Goldfarb

                        Issue 58: "The Kindly Ones: 2"

                  Neil Gaiman, Marc Hempel, D'Israeli

Cover: Benjamin Disraeli (1804-1881) was Earl of Beaconsfield and Prime 
Minister of England. The inker's pen name is probably derived from him, 
although he did not spell his name with an apostrophe.

Page 1 panel 4: Evidently he was rocking the boat...

page 2 panel 7: Lyta calles Lieutentant Pinkerton "Lieutenant Pinkwater" --
tip of the hat to Daniel Manus Pinkwater, National Public Radio commentator
and author of the classic young adult books _Lizard Music_, _The Last Guru_
and _Young Adult Novel_, as well as several books for younger readers.
Gaiman and Pinkwater have been known to hang out on each other's discussion
fora on GEnie. (This was back in '93-'94; not sure if it's still the case)

Page 5 panel 3: Cluracan was of course last seen in issue 56; his sister Nuala
in issue 52.

Page 7 panels 3-5: In 47:14:4 we see (in a panel from Destiny's book, whose
location in time is uncertain) a white-haired, white-clad Dream that looks
somewhat like this figure. It's unclear as yet whether this is a plot point
or just an echo.
 
Page 9 panel 4: In an interview in "Comics Buyers Guide" Gaiman states that
the story of Cluracan's nemesis isn't going to be resolved before the title 
ends. Sigh...

Page 11 panel 7: "La Belle Dame sans Merci" (French: "The Beautiful Merciless
Lady"): a poem, written in 1819 by John Keats, about a young man pining away 
for love of an elf-maiden.

Page 14-16:  In Jungian psychology, if you have a dream in which you go down 
to a basement, it means that you are confronting something from your
subconscious. Here, Lyta is confronting the fact that her son may be dead.
(C.f. Rose's dream in #65, 5, 7.)

Page 14 panel 6: The recipe is from _Macbeth_ act IV scene 1:

First Witch     Round about the cauldron go;
        In the poison'd entrails throw.
        Toad, that under cold stone
        Days and nights has thirty-one
        Swelter'd venom sleeping got,
        Boil thou first i' the charmed pot.

ALL     Double, double toil and trouble;
        Fire burn, and cauldron bubble.

Second Witch    Fillet of a fenny snake,
        In the cauldron boil and bake;
        Eye of newt and toe of frog,
        Wool of bat and tongue of dog,
        Adder's fork and blind-worm's sting,
        Lizard's leg and owlet's wing,
        For a charm of powerful trouble,
        Like a hell-broth boil and bubble.

ALL     Double, double toil and trouble;
        Fire burn and cauldron bubble.

Third Witch     Scale of dragon, tooth of wolf,
        Witches' mummy, maw and gulf
        Of the ravin'd salt-sea shark,
        Root of hemlock digg'd i' the dark,
        Liver of blaspheming Jew,
        Gall of goat, and slips of yew
        Silver'd in the moon's eclipse,
        Nose of Turk and Tartar's lips,
        Finger of birth-strangled babe
        Ditch-deliver'd by a drab,
        Make the gruel thick and slab:
        Add thereto a tiger's chaudron,
        For the ingredients of our cauldron.

ALL     Double, double toil and trouble;
        Fire burn and cauldron bubble.

Second Witch    Cool it with a baboon's blood,
        Then the charm is firm and good.

Page 15 panel 1: Granddaughter on the mother's side, most likely...
        panel 3: An echo: twice before the three witches have appeared to 
answer three questions. Once when summoned by Dream in issue 2, and once 
to Rose Walker in issue 10.

Page 17 panel 3: "Dragnet": A radio show, then a television show, purporting 
to dramatize actual cases of the LA police department.

Page 18 panel 3: No refs on these figures or the name "Ruthven", other than 
that Gaiman used the name for a minor character in issue 1.

Page 19 panel 6: No refs on any of Cluracan's titles...

Page 21 panel 3: Morpheus and Nuala seem oddly ignorant of the events 
recounted in issue 52. We can speculate that the reality storm sent Cluracan 
back in time, but things aren't that simple: Queen Titania would likely have 
noticed her ambassador arriving before he left. Further, there is no evidence 
in that story of the events shown in this.
The reality storm that Cluracan noticed occcured because of a
discontinuation in the space-time matrix, enabling future events to be
flashed back to the past.
 
Page 23 panel 7: Nuala's crystal in was given her by the last Dream's lover 
as seen in issue #42 page 4, panel 5.

Page 23 panel 9: An echo of "A Game of You". That story also concerned a 
crystal that could be used to summon Dream for a boon.

Release history:
Version 1.0 released 13 May 94.

Credits:
	Greg "elmo" Morrow (morrow@physics.rice.edu) created the Sandman
Annotations.
        Timothy Tan aka TiTan <*> -M2001- <*> 083285@bud.cc.swin.edu.au

© by Ralf Hildebrandt
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This file was last modified 27. Jan 2007 by root