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                            The Annotated Sandman

                Edited by Ralf Hildebrandt and largely written by David Goldfarb

                      Issue 59: "The Kindly Ones: 3"
                   Neil Gaiman, Marc Hempel, D'Israeli

Page 1 panel 1: Each Hempel-drawn issue of "The Kindly Ones" has a cord or
string of some kind in the first panel.

       panel 2: The return of Loki, last seen at the end of "The Season of 
Mists" (issue #28), and of Robin Goodfellow, aka Puck, last seen in "A
Midsummer Night's Dream" (issue #19).

       panel 3: "silver cord": a reference to Ecclesiastes 12:6:

	Or ever the silver cord be loosed, or the golden bowl be broken, 
	or the pitcher be broken at the fountain, or the wheel broken at the

The most common interpretation is that "silver cord" here is the spinal
cord. Some traditions have posited a "silver cord" as a mystical link 
between body and soul. Puck's quote is also an echo: the verse from
Ecclesiastes was used in the funeral service at the end of "A Game of You" --
       panel 5: A true story from a trickster god of lies? Well, maybe.

Page 3 panel 6: The phoenix, of course, was a magical bird. At the end of
its life it would build a pyre for itself and die in the flames to be reborn
from the ashes.

Page 4 panel 3: This is reminiscent of some Greek myths in which a mother
tried to make her child immortal by dipping him in water from the river
Styx (the river that flows through the land of the dead) and then putting
him on a fire to burn away his mortality:

Since Achilles was half god (from Thetis) and half mortal (from Peleus) his
mother wished to make him immortal. When he was young she dipped him in the
waters of the infernal river Styx, found in the Underworld. Thus he became
invulnerable, save for the spot on his heel where she held him. Still others
claim that to make Achilles immortal Thetis would nightly hold him over the
fire to get rid of the mortal elements inherited from Peleus, and that in
the daytime she would anoint his body with Ambrosia.
(noted by Dimitrios Kopsidas, who is Greek :) )

Page 5 panel 1: As we learn a few pages from now, this is the return of
Dream's immortal friend Hob Gadling. His most recent appearance was in issue
53, although his cameo in issue 22 is chronologically later.

Page 8 panel 1: The narrator of issue 53 was named Margaret. "Peggy" can be
a nickname for Margaret, and the dates involved are close enough that the
two might be the same person.

Page 9 panel 4: Another trio of women...

Page 12 panel 1: Note Hob Gadling in the background from page 8 panel 4.
This is a bit odd, as the pictures in Despair's realm are supposedly
all the backs of mirrors; there certainly was no mirror there in the cemetery.

Page 13 panel 1: According to 21:10:2, the green one. Just thought you'd
like to know.
        panel 2: Delirium of course acquired Destruction's dog Barnabas
(or, equally true, the other way around) in issue 48.

Page 14 panel 1: This settles a minor controversy about "The Season of Mists"
part 1. Dream is holding a miniature version of the skull of The Corinthian,
one of the escaped dreams from "The Doll's House".
        panel 4: Note, not *can* not...

Page 17: Note the multiples of 3: 9 cents in the sign in panel 2; 9 cents in
panel 3; 6 cents in panel 4; and the Triple Goddess on the cover of "People":
Madonna, Roseanne Arnold, and Queen Elizabeth.
        panel 6: The verse is part of a rhyme called "Who Killed Cock Robin?".

Page 18 panel 1: An echo of Daniel's appearance in the story, "The Parliament
of Rooks"?

Page 23 panel 5: Hempel is redrawing 12:23:5 -- just coincidence of numbering,
I wonder?

Page 24 panel 2: Redrawing 21:13:6, although from a different perspective.
Note Morpheus' different appearance when he's being drawn by Kelley Jones
as opposed to Mike Dringenberg.
        panel 4: 12:23:7. Dialogue in these three panels is verbatim.
        panel 6: "Oh that I were a man..." is from Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing (Act IV, sc. i) : Beatrice says "Oh God, that I were a man! I would eat his heart in the market place!"

© by Ralf Hildebrandt
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This file was last modified 27. Jan 2007 by root