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                             The Annotated Sandman

                Edited by Ralf Hildebrandt and largely written by David Goldfarb

                      Issue 62: "The Kindly Ones: 6"

       Neil Gaiman, Glyn Dillon, Charles Vess, Dean Ormston, D'Israeli

Page 1 panel 1: This is the only first panel in the story so far that has
*not* had a string or thread of some sort. This issue hearkens back to
"Men of Good Fortune" ("The Doll's House" part 4) and "The Season of Mists"
part 4: "interlude" issues, not done by the regular artist for the main arc,
thematically related to it but not advancing the main plot. The lack of a 
string may emphasize that this issue is a sidebar.

	Note the black gutters; the page borders seem to switch between black
and white somewhat at random. The borders in the main story are significant,
but they don't seem to be here.

	This whole opening sequence, with Rose waking up uncomfortably on 
a plane to England and being met by a lawyer holding a sign, echoes Rose's 
first appearance in issue #10.

Page 2 panel 4: "Austin" is a real British car maker; the car is an Austin
Mini Cooper.
       panel 5: One wonders where all the snow that we saw back in #59 went.

Page 3 panel 3: The 1989 film _Awakenings_, based on a book by neurologist
Oliver Sacks. In the text page of issue #4, Gaiman mentions the book as
one of his influences in creating the series.
       panel 4: Wych Cross is of course the town where Lady Johanna
Constantine resided, and where centuries later Dream was imprisoned. This
is a minor retcon, as there was no previous indication that Unity Kinkaid's
nursing home was anywhere near it. The inn called the "White Hart" may be
a reference to a book by Arthur C. Clarke; then again it may just be a 
common name for an inn.

Page 4 panel 1: Paul McGuire was last seen all the way back in issue #1.
       panel 4: Megan Schreiber found out about the '45 Rebellion:

The '45 Rebellion (courtesy the Encyclopedia Americana, 1998 edition)

"In 1745, during the War of the Austrian Succession (1741-1748), when 
Britain was ranged with Austria against France and Prussia, there took 
place another Jacobite rising, known as "The Forty-five." What 
distinguished it from its predecessor was that The Fifteen had organization 
but no leader, while The Forty-five had no organization but a leader in 
Princes Charles Edward, the Bonnie Prince Charlie of history and romance.

The pretender's early success was phenomenal. He landed in the west of 
Scotland on July 12 with seven followers, gathered Highland recruits as he 
marched south, captured Edinburgh on September 17, and defeated the forces 
of George II at Prestonpans on September 21. After a few weeks' stay in 
Edinburgh he invaded England with 6,000 men and got as far as Derby in his 
planned advance to London.

At Derby, however, the Highland chiefs who formed his main support refused 
to advance further, although the evidence indicates that had they done so 
London would probably have fallen into their hands. Turning back, Charles 
Edward soon realized that a rebellion on the defensive has already failed. 
He was driven to the north of Scotland, where on April 16, 1746, at 
Colloden, near Inverness, his forces were decisively defeated by those of 
the Duke of Cumberland, a younger son of George II. Charles Edward escaped 
to France, but his party was severely punished."

Page 5 panel 4: Of course, three. What other number could be chosen?

Page 6 panel 7: Of course, the last time Rose was in this broom closet she
found the Hecateae inside.

Page 7 panel 2: ...and here she finds somebody else.

Page 8 panel 2: That checkers game must be a little dull; with the pieces on
oppositely-colored squares it's impossible to make a jump...
       panel 3: Here we see that "Maiden" and "Crone" are relative terms. Note
that Amelia and Magda have a strong visual resemblance to Mildred and Mordred 
of the Three Witches.
       panel 5: "Blockbuster" is a long-running TV show hosted by Bob Holness.
They test whether 2 heads are better than one, by having a team of one play 
against a team of two.  (NB.  3 contestants).
It's essentially a quiz-board game.  Teams "win" squares by answering questions.
Then they choose which square to attempt next.
All the squares have letters on and the questions are phrased like "Which P is 
the capital of France?".
Hence the old joke "I'll have a P please, Bob"  meaning to attempt the P square, 
but when the old ladies say it it means "pee" as in piss.

Page 10: For those who don't read letter columns (or who will read this story
in book format): the story that follows is not Gaiman's invention, but can be
found in somewhat different form in _The Penguin Book of English Folk Tales_.

Page 19 panel 1-2: There's been speculation on the net that this "Helena" 
is Helena Kosmatos, the Golden Age Fury and (post-Crisis at least) Lyta Hall's 
lost mother. If so, it would fit in with the difficulty of saying her last 
name. Certainly the actions described here are those one would expect
of a Fury. Also, there is some resemblance to the photo in 57:19:8.

	Note the women's names. The Greek writers who portrayed the Furies as
a trio of women named them Tisiphone, Alecto, and Megaera. Amelia -- Alecto;
Magda -- Megaera; and the Golden Age Fury was shown as receiving her powers
specifically from Tisiphone.

        panel 3: The most effective method of lying, of course, is to tell 
the truth in such a way that you are not believed.

Page 20 panel 4: Unity Kinkaid gave Rose this ring in "The Doll's House"
part 1 -- specifically 10:23:4.
        panel 5: This is 10:23:5 reproduced.
        panels 7-8: When Rose encounters the Hecateae we also see an owl and
a pussycat; the owl here in particular echoes the one in 10:20:1.

Page 21 panel 2: The owl was the familiar of Athena, Greek goddess of wisdom.

Page 22 panel 1: Quentin Crisp, English gay writer.
        panel 3: It's said that "More light, more light" were the final words
of Goethe.
        panel 4: _The Tempest_, act IV scene 1. 
        panel 5: Alex Burgess, too, was last seen at the end of issue #1. 
Note the Piglet doll in bed with him. The picture by the bed is of Ethel 
Cripps, the mistress of Alex's father Roderick. The picture's been seen in
1:15:4 and 7:9:4. Of the books in the bookcase, "Good Omens" is of course 
the collaboration between Neil Gaiman and Terry Pratchett; "The Doll's House" 
is by Ibsen and echoes Rose's previous story; "To Kill" is probably "To Kill 
a Mockingbird", by Harper Lee; no refs on "Fish Paste" or "Timularo".

Page 23 panel 3: Those who've read issue #1 know for certain that they are not.
      
Release History:
Version 1.0 released 28 November 94.
Credits:
	Greg "elmo" Morrow (morrow@physics.rice.edu) created the Sandman 
Annotations.
	Mean Mister Mustard (marcs@wam.umd.edu) speculated on Helena's 
identity, and noted the connection between the women's names and the Furies'.
	James Tze-Ming Hsiao (hsaio@beach.cis.ufl.edu) and Katie Schwarz 
(katie@physics.berkeley.edu) mentioned previous appearances of the picture, 
the owl, and the cat.
	Katie Schwarz also noted the echo of Rose's first appearance and the 
disappearing snow.
        Andy Wise recognized the car as a Mini Cooper

© by Ralf Hildebrandt
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This file was last modified 27. Jan 2007 by root