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An Annotation of Literary, Historic, and Artistic References in Alan Moore's Graphic Novel, _V_for_Vendetta_. Madelyn Boudreaux, Madelyn@gothics.org April 27, 1994 Part 2 of 3 Copyright 1994, Madelyn Boudreaux. Distribute but do not modify. Send corrections, changes, and suggestions to Madelyn@gothics.org. 92, 2, 1 torch song A torch song is a popular song style; torch songs are always about unrequieted love (Simpson 264). 92, 3, 2 queers The slang "queer," which generally meant odd or strange, took on the meaning of "homosexual," circa 1920 (Partridge, _Unconventional_, 1354). In this instance, it is referring to homosexuality. 93, 1, 1 yids This term, which derives from the word "Yiddish," the language of Israeli Jews, is a perjorative reference to all Jewish people, regardless of whether they speak Yiddish (Partridge, _Unconventional_, 971). 104, 3, 2 The Salt Flats This is not a real film. Halliwell gives no entry for it, and it appears to only serve a minor internal plot point, as Valerie Page's popular film. 107, 2, 3 Storm Saxon This television show appears (thankfully) to be another invention. _The_Complete_Encyclopedia_of _Television_Programs_,1947-1979_, includes no such program. The choice of the name "Saxon" is important; the Saxons were descendents of the Norse conquerers who settled in France and England in the 5th century (Greer 178-179). Note that Storm's female companion is a white-clad blond named Heidi -- the paragon of Aryan purity! 108, 2, 2 ...on N.T.V one... Apparently, N.T.V. stands for Norsefire Television, and is the replacement for the B.B.C.-T.V., the British Broadcasting Corporation's television programing (Greene 566). 108, 2, 3, ...here on One... The B.B.C. currently airs on Channel One and Channel Two (Greene 566). 112, 1, 3 ...Pay your bloody licence money for? The B.B.C. is non-Commercial, and is supported by selling license fees paid by television and radio owners. 114, 1, 2 Space image This is Neil Armstrong walking on the moon's surface. Armstrong, the first person to walk on the moon, took his historic step in 1968. 115, 3, 2 "...you always hurt the one you love...the one you shouldn't hurt at all. "You Always Hurt The One You Love" was a song by the Mills Brothers in 1944 (remade into a novelty tune by Spike Jones). 116, 3, 1 Hitler One of the images in the background collage is of Adolf Hitler, leader of the German Nazi party, the ultra-right wing government that held Germany from 1933 to 1945 and executed some 6 million Jews, Gypsies, homosexuals, and other political prisoners (Sauer 248). 116, 3, 1 Stalin Josef Stalin's picture is included because, like Hitler and Mussolini, he is associated with violent tyranny. He controlled the Soviet Union from 1929 to 1953; during the years between 1934 and 1939, he imprisoned and killed his political enemies, which was nearly every military member, politician, and thinker in the country (Simmonds 571-74) 116, 3, 1 Mussolini Benito Mussolini, another leader pictured in the collage, was an Italian leader who's despotism was nearly equal to Hitler's. Although he began as a pacifistic socialist, during WWI, he formed his right-wing Fascist Party. He was the Italian dictator from 1922 to 1943, and controlled Northern Italy from 1943 to 1945, before he was executed (Smith 677-78). 117, 2, 1 troops marching in the background (image) These are Nazi troops from Hitler's army. 124, 2, 3 Sarky This slang for sarcastic dates to the late 19th century. (Partridge, _Unconventional_, 727). 125, 2, 1 ...who's flag is deepest red... Red flags have historically symbolized anarchists or communists, or both. 125, 3, 1 ...I like the thrill... of the triumphant will.. This line from the caberet song refers to the famous Nazi propaganda-documentary film , _The_Triumph_of_the_Will_, produced for Hitler by Leni Riefenstahl in 1934. The film depicts the Nuremburg Nazi Party Rally of 1934 as a "quasireligious, mystical experience," just as the singer is describing (Cook 366). 126, 1, 2 "...blonde and blue-eyed boy..." This is yet another reference to the Aryan ideal race. 126, 1, 2 The Kitty-Kat Keller The name of the night club is possible a reference to the similar burlesque club, the Kit Kat Klub, from the film _Caberet_, which is set at the dawn of Hitler's rise to power in pre-World War II Germany. Both stand out as having the initials KKK, which carries an inevitable association with the infamous white-supremist organization, the Ku Klux Klan. 126, 3, 1 and when they 'heil' I smile... Still another reference to the Nazis; the "heil" was the verbal salute given to Hitler along with an upraised right arm. 143, 3, 2 Punch and Judy Man Punch and Judy shows are puppet shows which originated in Italy sometime before the 17th century. They are extremely violent; Punch generally beats all the other characters to death. Like V, Punch always destroys his enemies (_Encyclopedia_Americana_ 6). 166, -, - Paintings (images) I have been unable to determine the artists or titles of the paintings on this page. 173, 2, 1 Arthur Koestler, _The_Roots_of_Coincidence_ Koestler was an early 20th century journalist, humanist and intellectual. This work, which dealt with the paranormal (Encyclopedia Americana (530-31).
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